OF THE GIFTED POST-SECONDARY STUDENT WITH DYSLEXIA AND/OR ADHD
Developmental milestones may have been reached at an early age.
Verbal skill may be advanced with complex sentence structure at
an early age. Student may have excelled in school until the level
is reached where compensating is no longer possible.
IQ scores are above average to gifted range (not unusual for IQ
scores to be depressed beginning in early childhood, but for some
the decline begins in middle school). Spelling may be rather "creative",
often incorrectly spelling words that are used frequently. Reading
rate is slow and labored. (Student tires easily when reading.) Reading
comprehension is poor, especially when material is lengthy and complex.
Study skills & test-taking strategies are inadequate. Studying
may have been almost unnecessary at earlier level, but when studying
begins in earnest, the student is in serious trouble.
There is difficulty with taking notes in class. There is a history
of difficulty with timed tests. Multiple choice questions are very
difficult (misreading negative questions as positive, inserting
and omitting words, sometimes not reading questions & selecting
most "popular" answers). This occurs more frequently when
student is rushed for time, frightened, frustrated or tired.
Learning Disability may not have been diagnosed in early years
of school, although problems have been there all along. They were
not serious problems and often were not recognized by teachers or
parents. The student usually reports knowing that he/she was "different"
at an early age, however.
ADHD is often present. It is not uncommon for diagnosis to be made
only when crises begin to occur, however. Diagnosis can be a problem
because of the requirement that existence of symptoms be seen by
age 7. Self esteem is low. Student often describes self as being
a "bad person" and not worthy of succeeding, especially
in a highly respected profession such as law or medicine.
Visualization skills are usually excellent. Skills that enable
one to excel in working with people usually abound (more empathic,
more creative in one or more areas, more verbal than general population).
|Dr. Barbara P. Guyer, Director
HE.L.P. Program/Medical H.E.L.P
(Higher Education for Learning Problems)
Hunting, WV 25755
Reprinted with permission from Dr. Barbara Guyer.
Dr. Guyer is the author of The Pretenders: Gifted People Who Have
Learning Problems Homewood, IL: High Tide Press. 1997.